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Saturday, January 9, 2010

Facts about India to feel proud - 6


Chakravakam, (pronounced chakravākam, Sanskrit: चक्रवाकम्, Telugu: చక్రవాకం, Tamil: சக்ரவாகம்) is a rāgam (musical scale), in Carnatic music (South Indian classical music). It is the 16th Melakarta rāgam (parent rāgam) in the 72 melakarta rāgam system. According to the Muthuswami Dikshitar school, this rāgam is called Tōyavēgavāhini.  Chakravakam is close to Raga Ahir bhairav in the Hindustani music.
Chakravakam is a raga that is known to incites feelings of devotion, sympathy and compassion in the listeners.

Structure and Lakshana

Chakravakam scale with Shadjam at C
It is the 4th melakarta in the 3rd chakra Agni. The mnemonic name is Agni-Bhu. The mnemonic phrase is sa ra gu ma pa dhi ni. Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure (ascending and descending scale) is as follows (see swaras in Carnatic music for details on below notation and terms):
The notes in this scale are shadjam, shuddha rishabham, anthara gandharam, shuddha madhyamam, panchamam, chathusruthi dhaivatham and kaisiki nishadham.
It is a sampoorna rāgam - rāgam having all 7 swarams. It is the suddha madhyamam equivalent of Ramapriya, which is the 52nd melakarta.

Janya rāgams

Chakravakam has quite a few janya rāgams (derived scales) associated with it, of which Bindumalini, Malayamarutam and Valaji are popular.
See List of Janya Ragas for a full list of its janyas.

Popular Compositions

Gajānanayutham is a popular composition in Chakravakam, by the maestro Muthuswami Dikshitar, which is sung in a brisk tempo, unlike other compositions. Etula Brotuvo teliya and Sugunamule by Thyagaraja, Kānakkankoti vendum by Koteeswara Iyer are also sung in concerts.
There are a number of popular compositions in Ahir bhairav (Hindustani raga similar to Chakravakam), one of the most well known ones being Pibare Rāmarasam in Sanskrit, by Sadasiva Brahmendra.
Related rāgams
This section covers the theoretical and scientific aspect of this rāgam.
Chakravakam's notes when shifted using Graha bedham, yields 2 other major melakarta rāgams, namely, Sarasangi and Dharmavati. Graha bedham is the step taken in keeping the relative note frequencies same, while shifting the Shadjam to the next note in the rāgam. For an illustration refer Graha bedham on Dharmavati.

  1. Aakati velala - P. Unnikrishnan 
  2. Arivudaiyaar - K.J. Yesudoss 
  3. Dhakshinaamurthiye - K. J. Yesudoss 
  4. Easane - D.K. Pattammaal
  5. Easane - Sikkil Gurucharan
  6. Easane - Sowmya 
  7. Ethula bro - John. B. Higgins
  8. Ethula bro - T.K Rangachari 
  9. Ethula bro - T.N. Seshagopalan
  10. Gajananaayudham - Sikkil Gurucharan 
  11. Gajananaayudham - Kundrakudi Balamuralikrishna 
  12. Guruvaayurappa - Sankaran Namboodhri 
  13. Kaalaa Unnai - Sowmya 
  14. Kaanamal irundhal - Nithyashree 
  15. Perinbam - Ranjani & Gayathri 
  16. Pibare raamarasam - Hyderbad 
  17. Bros Seer valar - P. Unnikrishnan 
  18. Sendhamizh thaayai - M.M. Dhanadapani Desikar
  19. Sugunamule - P. Unnikrishnan 
  20. Sugunamule - Sankaran Namboodhri
  21. Tirupathi - Nithyashree  
  22. Thirupathi - Nithyashree
  23. Urugaadhaa - Madurai 
  24. Somu Vigna vinaayakam - K. J Yesudoss
Blogger Sriram said...
Dear Sir, Really good collection of songs that you have got. Sl No 5 Easane - Sikkil - This link is not working. Can you Please look into this?
January 16, 2011 5:36 AM
Blogger hvaidya said...
I have uploaded the same afresh
January 16, 2011 11:52 AM
Blogger mohan said...
Dear Sir, Your service to the world of music is commendable. Sir, i am unable to download melakarta raga No.50,62,64 & 70. Kindly rectify the problem. Once again my Namaskarams for organising this wonderful website. Rama Mohan
February 21, 2011 10:05 PM
Blogger hvaidya said...
Dear Mr. Mohan,

All the files mentioned by you are opening. Please try again. If the problem persists please let me know.
Wishing you all the best.
February 23, 2011 9:35 PM