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Tuesday, August 2, 2011


Devagandhari (pronounced devagāndhāri, Sanskritदेवगांधारि Tamilதேவகாந்தாரி) is a raga (musical scale) in Indian classical music. It is used in the Sikh tradition of northern India and is part of the Guru Granth Sahib. In the South Indian classical music, Devagandhari is ajanya raga (derived scale), whose melakarta raga (parent scale, also known as janaka) is Shankarabharanam, 29th in the 72 Melakarta raga system.

Structure and Lakshana

Ascending scale with Shadjam at C

Descending scale with Shadjam at C
Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure (ascending and descending scale) is as follows (see swaras in Carnatic music for details on below notation and terms):
Devagandhari ragam is an owdava-vakra-sampurna raga meaning, in arohana 5swaras come (so it is called owdava) and in avarohana all swaras come (sosampurna), and there is a "zigzag" pattern of notes (so vakra). The notes used in this ragam are shadjam, chathusruthi rishabham, antara gandharam, shuddha madhyamam, panchamam, chathusruthi dhaivatam and kakili nishadham. This ragam sometimes includes the kaishika nishadham (anya swara - a note external to the scale, making this a bhashanga ragam).
The closest raga to this one is Arabhi. Some of the things that makes Arabhi different (though both share the same ascending and descending scale, in terms of basic notation) are:
  • Devagandhari is sung with gamakas and vilambita kala prayogas (usages with elongated notes)[1]
  • Devagandhari is sung with dheerga gandharam (elongated G3)[1]
  • Devagandhari is a bhashanga raga, and certain prayogas use the kaishika nishadham: S N3 D N2 , , D P

Popular Compositions

Here are some more compositions set to Devagandhari.
KritiVinaradana manaviThyagarajaAdi
KritiEnneramumGopalakrishna BharathiAdi

  1. Kaayaarohanesam - Raajkumar Bharathi 
  2. Karunaa samudhra - Maharajapuram Santhanam 
  3. Ksheera saagara - K.J. Yesudoss 
  4. Ksheera saagara - Maharajapuram Santhanam 
  5. Ksheera saagara - P. Unnikrishnan 
  6. Ksheera saagara - Dr. Balamuralikrishna 
  7. Ksheera saagara - T. N. Seshagopalan 
  8. Maaththaada - T. N. seshagopalan 
  9. Maaththaada - Ranjani and Gaayathri 
  10. Pancha shakthi - T.N. Seshagopalan 
  11. Panchashakthi - Maharajapuram Santhanam 
  12. Seethavara - T.N. Seshagopalan 
  13. Seethaavara - T.M. Krishna 
  14. Seethaavara - Maharajapuram Santhanam 
  15. Seethaavara - Sowmya 
  16. Thulsamma - Hyderbad Bros
  17. Uthramaam - K. J. Yesudoss 
  18. Yennaramum undan - Aruna Sairam 
  19. Yenneramum undhan - T. N. Seshagopalan 
  20. Yenneramum undhan - M. S. Subbalakshmi 
  21. Yenneramum - Nithyashree

Anonymous Copyright said...

Please remove items 12 and 19; these are commercially available.
August 3, 2011 7:36 AM

Blogger hvaidya said...

August 3, 2011 9:50 PM

Anonymous Anonymous said...

Can I upload Ksheerasagara in Devagandhari by Radha & Jayalakshmi to be added?
August 8, 2011 5:52 PM

Blogger hvaidya said...

You are always welcome.
August 8, 2011 6:35 PM

Laugh ! It is good for health

Why men should not write advice columns?

Blogger Varadarajan.R said...

August 2, 2011 8:10 PM

Concert - Priya Sisters

Courtesy: Sangeethapriya. org

..that it's okay to go ahead and take a risk.

There's no guarantee that everything will turn out exactly
the way you want it to, but there IS a guarantee that it
cannot possibly do so if you are afraid to even take the

"Nothing ventured, nothing gained" is not just a nifty
old-time saying. It's wisdom. Listen to it.