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Saturday, May 1, 2010

Carnatic Music Raagas - Charukesi

"Charukesi" the "Eternal Enchantress" could best sum up the flavour and mood of this great melakarta Raga. 

She can  enthrall you with supreme devotional fervour,as in Saint Thyagaraja's "Adamodi Galade" and Swathi Thirunal's "Krupaya Palaya"

She can woo you with sringara rasa,("Pasyati disi disi",the Jayadeva Ashtapathi- hear BMK singing this with great,soulful, charm or "Manmatha leelaiyai" by MKT from the Tamil film "Haridas"(download from M. K. Thiyagaraja Bhagavthar - item No. 31), or again,"Vasantha mullai" by TMS from the tamil film,"Sarangadara".(download from T.M. Soundarrajan's best - item No 43)

Charukesi is the 26th Melakartha raga,falling in the "Bana" Chakra.
It's aarohana/avarohana are:
Aa: S R2 G3 M1 P D1 N2S
Av: SN2D1PM1G3R2S  

It is also known as "Tarangini" in the "Dikshitar Asampoorna Mela System",with :
Aa: S R2 G3 P D1 N2 D1 S
Av: S D1 P M1 G3 R2 S


Aa: S R2 G3 P D1 N2 D1 P D1 S
Av: S D1 P G3 R2 S G3 M1 R2 G3 S  

It is one of the melakarta ragas, which was not popular in the early days of concert singing,even though,Saint Thyagaraja's."Ada modi galade" was in existence for a few centuries.It became one of the popular ragas for concert singing after the popularity of the Swathi Thirunal krithi,"Krupaya Palaya sowre" in concert platforms.

It is a raga lending itself to compositions of great lyrical beauty,and capable of holding the listener in an enthralling appeal with it's simple arrangement of swaras and great emotional impact .

It is one of the main ragas chosen by musicians in concert platforms,often with very elaborate expositions lasting from 30 to 60 minutes,including,alapana,sangathis,neravals,intricate swaraprastharas,and also RTP's.It is usually sung in the first half of the concert if it is the main raga, or in the latter half of the concert if it is of a light "bhajan" variety. 

Courtesy: T.M. Sivaraman in forumhub/maayam 

Charukesi - ArOhaNam : PoorvAnga (sa ri ga ma) is ShankarAbharanam and UttarAnga (pa da ni Sa) is tOdi.
Some more points :

Charukesi - AvarOhaNam : PoorvAnga (Sa ni da pa) is tOdi and the uttarAnga (ma ga ri sa) is ShankarAbharanam.

This rAg's 'ma' moorchanai (shruti bEdam) takes to Gowri manohari

This rAg's 'ni' moorchanai (shruti bEdam) becomes Vachaspathi.

(From: V.Annasamy)

  1. Aadamodi - Aruna Sairam 
  2. Aadamodi - Maayavaram sisters  
  3. Aadamodi - M. L. Vasanthakumari  
  4. Aadamodi - P. Unnikrishnan  
  5. Aadamodi - Aalaapanai - T.K. Rangachari  
  6. Aadamodi - T.K. Rangachari 
  7. Aadamodi - Aalaapanai - T.V. Sankarqanarayanan 
  8. Aadamodi - Violin - T.V. Sankaranarayanan  
  9. Aadamodi - T.V. Sankaranarayaan
  10. Aadamodi - Thani - T.V. Sankaranarayanan 
  11. Aanjaneyanin - O.S. Arun 
  12. Aayiram aayiram - Bombay Jayashri 
  13. Aayiram aayiram - M. L. Vasanthakumari 
  14. Innam en manam - Charulatha Mani  
  15. Innum en manam - Nithyashri  
  16. Krishna krupaa - K. J. Yesudoss 
  17. Krupayaa paalaya - G.S. Mani  
  18. Krupayaa paalaya - K. J. Yesudoss 
  19. Krupayaa paalaya - Aalaapanai - Ranjani &Gaayathri 
  20. Krupayaa paalaya - Violin - Ranjani and Gaayathri 
  21. Krupayaa paalaya - Ranjani &Gaayathri 
  22. Krupayaa paalaya - Thani - Ranjani &Gaayathri 
  23. Kuzhalosai - Nithyashree 
  24. Pasayathi (Ashtapathi) Dr. M. Balamuralikrishna 
  25. Shanthi dhaayini - Sowmya  
  26. Thunai neeye - Dr. M. Balamuralikrishna 
  27. Velum Mayilum thunai - S.P. Ramh
Anonymous Copyright said...
#24 is from a commercially released album - please delete + remove.
May 1, 2010 7:45 PM
Blogger hvaidya said...
May 2, 2010 9:49 AM
Blogger Arun Visweswaran said...
Sir, could you check the following : TVS Aadamodi krithi - the link downloads the Ranjani Gayathri Krupaya Palaya rendition, while the RG - Krupaya Palaya krithi downloads the Mayavaram sisters Aadamodi.
July 21, 2010 10:29 AM
Blogger hvaidya said...
Dear Arun Visweswaran Thanks for pointing out the errors. I have corrected all the three errors pointed out by you. Please let me know whether they are in order now. Sorry for the inconvenience.
July 24, 2010 9:48 AM
Blogger Vishy said...
This is a fantastic blog. Keep up the good work sir. Vishy
November 27, 2010 10:01 AM
Blogger Vishy said...
very good work!
November 27, 2010 10:02 AM